17.06.2004, [23:04] // Survey //
Kyiv-- Approximately 70 percent of Ukrainian citizens consider themselves religious, according to a national sociological survey, “Religion and the Church in Modern Ukraine,” which was conducted by the Ukrainian Sociology Service at the request of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC) from 5 to 21 November 2004. Cardinal Lubomyr Husar, head of the UGCC, announced the results of the survey in Ukraine’s capital Kyiv, on 14 June 2004.
According to the survey, among the 70 percent of Ukrainians who consider themselves religious, 40 percent belong to particular religions and denominations and 29 percent have not decided on their religion. About 16 percent of people stated they are not religious and another 14 percent remain undecided.
In addition, the survey revealed that the three biggest denominations in Ukraine are the Ukrainian Orthodox Church-Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP), the Ukrainian Orthodox Church-Kyivan Patriarchate (UOC-KP) and the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC) with 37.8, 28.7 and 18.6 percent of the faithful respectively. The faithful of these churches constitute about 85 percent of Ukrainians who identified themselves as religious.
The survey also showed that only 73.3 percent of faithful attend churches at all and only approximately 22 percent attend churches and belong to religious communities on a regular basis.
The UGCC has the greatest percentage of faithful who attend church at least once a month, which is 23 percent of those who belong to a particular religion or denomination and nearly one third of those who stated they were religious. Among other churches whose faithful are active are the UOC-MP, the UOC-KP and Protestant churches.
Finally, the survey demonstrated that most Ukrainian citizens do not treat Jehovah’s Witnesses and Protestant communities with tolerance. Most Ukrainians consider these groups to be all the same and use a generalized pejorative term “sectarians” to denote these religious groups and communities. Only 6.5 to 8 percent of Ukrainians evaluate their activities positively, whereas 25 percent have a negative attitude to Seventh-day Adventist churches and 34 percent to Jehovah’s Witnesses. Eight percent of Ukrainians are tolerant of Judaism, whereas 19 percent stated otherwise. Thirteen percent of Ukrainians treat Islam positively, while 15 percent are not tolerant of this religion.
The survey covered 3,000 respondents from all regions of Ukraine and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, with the margin of error not exceeding 1.8 percent.
Source: UGCC Bureau for External Affairs in Kyiv
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